Inclusion Rate & Diet Information
The high protein and energy levels in ProPound™ Canola Meal offer an opportunity to use it at high inclusion levels
as a 100 percent soybean meal replacement. The benefit is excellent pig performance while reducing feed costs.
Weanling Pig Diets
Research at the University of Illinois with ProPound demonstrates that ProPound can be used at 25 percent inclusion levels in weanling pig diets with no negative effects on animal performance. This creates an opportunity to drastically reduce the amount of soybean meal used in weanling pig diets. The advantages are two-fold:
- Reduce feed cost.
- Reduce the load of antigenic soybean meal proteins in the diet.
The purpose of the study was to gain confidence in the high ProPound feed inclusion levels. There were three weanling pig studies at the University of Illinois and all showed high performance at high ProPound inclusion levels. This confirmed other recent research conducted at the Universities of Alberta and Manitoba that found feeding 25 or 30 percent conventional canola meal will result in no detrimental effects on weanling pig performance. The key is to balance the diets properly and ensure an adequate amount of digestible nutrients.
Of the weanling pig studies conducted at the University of Illinois, two had all diets balanced to the same energy level, which resulted in slightly higher added fat levels to the high ProPound diets. The net effect of the higher fat level was to achieve the same body weight gain rate but at an improved feed conversion efficiency. The third study kept added fat levels the same and allowed the diet energy content to decrease slightly as ProPound levels increased. The pigs ate slightly more feed to ensure adequate energy intake. This resulted in similar body weight gains with a comparable feed efficiency to the control diet, at a much lower feed costs per unit of body weight gain. The decision whether to formulate weanling pig diets using ProPound to constant energy levels as a soybean meal diet or rather to constant added fat levels will depend on the cost of nutrients in the diet, which varies with feed ingredient prices. The conclusion though, is that ProPound could be effectively used at up to 100% of soybean meal replacement in either strategy.
Hog Grower Finisher Diets
The best results will be obtained by using ProPound as a complete replacement for soybean meal. It is recommended to let energy content of the diet decrease with increasing ProPound levels while maintaining the same level of added fat as you would with a soybean meal based diet. Also, it is recommended to keep essential digestible amino acids in the same ratio to energy as with a soybean meal based diet. Given the ability of growing pigs to adjust their feed intake to maintain a constant energy intake, it is expected that growing pigs will eat more of the high ProPound diets. This has been demonstrated by grower/finisher feeding trials at the University of Illinois which resulted in equivalent growth rate and similar if not better carcass composition with soybean meal diets, but with a poorer feed efficiency. The net result, given the cost of ProPound relative to soybean meal, could be a reduction in feed costs per unit of pig body weight gain and lower overall pig production costs. ProPound also can be used effectively in combination with lower protein ingredients such as DDGS.
Economics of Using ProPound Canola Meal in Swine Feeds
Given its high protein content, it would be expected that ProPound would have a similar value as soybean meal. Using a least cost feed formulation with a variety of feed ingredient pricing scenarios and in a variety of swine feeds, the opportunity price (shadow price) of ProPound is typically less than that of soybean meal, resulting in significant feed cost savings when ProPound is used, especially at high inclusion rates.